Microbarbed hook—A hook with a tiny barb to minimize damage to the mouth of a fish and to baits such as maggots.
Minnow—A shoal fish found in running water but rarely exceeding 7.5 cm (3 in) in length. Minnows are regarded as a nuisance by most anglers, but make effective livebaits or deadbaits for perch, eels and chub.
Nymphs—Flies made to sink below the surface of the water and imitate immature insects
Offset hook—A hook with the point bent at a slight angle to the shank. If you lay this kind of hook down, it will not sit flat.
Paternoster rig—A rig in which hooklength branches from the main line, rather than being a continuation of it.
Presentation—A collective term referring to choice of type of lure, color, and size; structure targeted; amount of disturbance a bait makes when entering the water; and retrieval technique, speed, and depth used to catch fish.
Redworm—Small (2.5-5 cm/1-2 in) red worm found in compost and manure heaps.
Round-bend hook—Hooks with round bends have a wider gape for large baits such as bread, worms, luncheon meat and sweetcorn.
Sea fish—Various sea fish, including sprats, sardines, herrings, smelts and mackere as baits for pike.
Shad—Any of several cluepeid fishes that have a rather deep body.
Skirt—Usually a rubber or vinyl addition to a lure that gives it action and texture
Slugs—Large black slugs are a good bait for chub, especially when freelined.
Soft Jerkbait—A plastic jerkbait.
Splitshot Rig—Knot a hook to the end of your line, bait up and pinch one or a few split shot 18″ to 24″ inches above the bait.
Soft Bottom—River bottoms which are comprised of soft material such as silt, mud, or muck.
Spinnerbait—A spinnerbait is a hard lure generally consisting of a large single hook, a lead head, a rubber or vinyl skirt, wire and a spinning blade. These are one of the most versatile of all the lures made for bass fishing. They can be buzzed along the surface, worked with a steady or erratic retrieve at any depth and slowly crawled along the bottom with the blade just barely turning.
Success (of fishing)—Catch per unit of effort.
Tail—The length of line, including the hooklength, between the hook and a leger or paternoster.
Tail-Spinners—Compact, lead-bodied lures with one or two spinner blades attached to the tail, and a treble hook suspended from the body; designed to resemble a wounded shad; effective on schooling bass.
Texas Rig—The method of securing a hook to a soft-PVC plastic bait—worm, lizard, crawfish, by burying the hook point into the body of the lure. The “Texas rig” is probably the most popular and most recognized method of fishing plastic worms. This rig consists of a bullet shaped sinker (of any size), a single hook (called a Sproat,
Offset or Worm hook). This rig can be used in any depth of in any type of cover. The type of plastic bait that you attach is usually a plastic worm or lizard of some size.
Texas Rigged Worms—The most popular worm-fishing technique, but also the most difficult to master. In this rig, the hook is threaded through the tip of the worm and the point is turned back into the head of the worm to make it weedless, meaning the point is not exposed and will not get snagged in the weeds. When fishing in heavy cover, you can peg the slip sinker by inserting a toothpick through the hole of the sinker. This will keep the sinker from hanging up, and will increase your feel of the lure. To prevent the worm from sliding down the hook shank, push the eye of the hook down into the plastic worm, spear a 501 b test piece of monofilament fishing line through both the tip of the worm and the hook eye and trim the ends of the monofilament.
Texposed—A Texas rigged plastic bait that has the point of the hook going through the plastic, thus exposing the point of the hook. This is a good rig to use in relatively brush or weed free water conditions.
Trailer Hook—A trailer in fishing terms is an extra piece of plastic that you attach to the end of the hook of your spinnerbait or jig. It makes your bait look bigger and gives more action. A trailer hook is an extra single hook that you attach to your lure (more commonly a spinnerbait) if the bass are striking at the skirt of the bait and are missing the main hook.
Trigger—The sight, sound, smell, taste, texture, or vibration of a lure which entices a fish to strike.
Unpegged Texas Rig—A conical sinker is allowed to slide freely on the main line, with the hook tied directly to the main line. Optionally use a bead. The sinker will jackhammer constantly against the bead and make a tiny clicking noise that can attract fish at times. One difficulty is an unpegged sinker can slide far up the line on the cast, making for inaccurate casts and imprecise presentations. An unpegged sinker can also slide far down the line and get your rig stuck in snaggy cover. For more control over an unpegged sinker, you can contain it on a short 12 to 24″ leader tied to a swivel. This gives you the desirable unpegged lure movement (and bead-clicking option) while at the same time, the short leader gives you better control over the cast and presentation.
Water Dog—Any of several large American salamanders.
Wacky Rig—In relatively open water, simply tie a hook such as the Red Octopus to your line, and thread the hook straight through the middle of a slanky bait such as a Senko or worm. In some cases, to get a thin bait deeper quicker, you may want to string a very small bullet sinker to slide freely on the line above the hook.
Weightless Rig—The purest form of rigging, and most deadly with the Senko. No sinker is used and the hook can be tied directly to the main line. Optionally, tie the hook to a 12″ to 24″ inch leader tied to a free-turning swivel that dissipates the line twist which often occurs with unweighted soft baits.
Worming—The act of fishing with a plastic worm, lizard, crawfish, or similar bait. A soft thin PVC plastic bait that is in the shape of your garden variety earthworm. However the shape is about the only thing that resembles them. Their sizes range from about 3 inches to over twelve inches! Their colors are every color imaginable and unimaginable. You can fish these as topwater, using floating worms or on the bottom using any number of methods.
Yolk Sac—In embryos and early fish larvae, a bag-like ventral extension of the gut containing materials. It nourishes the growing fish until it is able to feed itself.